AP Insight: Biology

A Road Map to AP Success

AP educators leveraged years of teaching experience, data, and student work to identify key challenge areas – the concepts and skills most foundational to success in college and AP Biology. Teachers use AP Insight to create a road map in their own syllabus, target challenge areas, and help students connect building blocks to master the course. 

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Strategically Focus Instruction

AP Biology Overview of Challenge Areas

Big Ideas

Challenge Areas

Building Blocks

Evaluate Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
  • Natural Selection
  • Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
  • Evidence for Evolution via Natural Selection
Impact of Environment on Evolution
  • Genetic Changes in Populations
  • Variation and Fitness
  • Role of the Environment in Evolution
Predict Impact of Change in Genotype
  • Genetic Variation at the Molecular Level
  • Genetic Variation at the Chromosomal Level
  • Change in Phenotype
  • Variation and Natural Selection
Cellular Processes
Predict Free Energy
  • Free Energy and Its Transfer Within Cells
  • Free Energy of Organisms
  • Free Energy of Populations
  • Free Energy of Ecosystems
Explain Energy Use, Storage, and Capture
  • Organism Energy Strategies
  • Energy Structures of Cells
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cellular Respiration
Represent and Model Matter Exchange
  • Molecular Basis of Exchange
  • Impact Cell Size
  • Movement of Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Water
  • Cell Transport
Represent Genetic Information
Evaluate Reaction Mechanisms and Rate Data
  • Structure of DNA and RNA
  • DNA is Heritable Material
  • Transcription
  • Translation
Evaluate DNA Transmission Data
  • DNA Replication
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
  • Cell Cycle Regulation
Apply Math to Genetics
  • Probability and Punnett Squares
  • Genetic Disorders
  • Meiosis and Mendelian Modeals
Represent Mechanisms of Specialization
  • Factors Affecting Eukaryotic Gene Expression
  • Regulating Eukaryotic Gene Expression
  • Specialization of Cells, Tissues, and Organs
Predict Effects of Changes to Biological Systems
  • Feedback Mechanisms
  • Basic Cell Communication in Organ Systems
  • Organ Interactions
  • Organ System Interactions
Apply Math to Community Interactions
  • Quantitative Measures of Community Structure
  • Using Models to Analyze and Predict Population Interactions
  • Models of Populations in a Community


Year-Round Support for Teachers and Students

AP teachers and higher education faculty developed classroom-tested tools and resources to help you focus, gain insight, and increase impact on students as you prepare, teach, assess, and act on the challenge areas in AP.


Getting Started is Easy

Access to AP Insight is available for a subscription fee based on the size of your AP program or classroom. Teachers, districts, and state departments of education all currently subscribe to AP Insight.

Contact us at apinsight@collegeboard.org to learn more and subscribe.

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