AP Insight: Chemistry

A Road Map to AP Success

AP educators leveraged years of teaching experience, data, and student work to identify key challenge areas – the concepts and skills most foundational to success in college and AP Chemistry. Teachers use AP Insight to create a road map in their own syllabus, target challenge areas, and help students connect building blocks to master the course. 

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Strategically Focus Instruction

AP Chemistry Overview of Challenge Areas

Big Ideas

Challenge Areas

Building Blocks

Structure of Matter
Evaluating Scientific Models for Atomic Structure
  • Evaluate Early Atomic Models
  • Explain Periodic Trends
  • Evaluate Evidence for Shell Model
Properties of Matter
Connect IMFs and Physical Properties
  • Predict Molecular Geometry and Polarity
  • Explain Trends and Properties of Nonpolar Molecules
  • Connect Dipole Forces to Physical Properties
  • Connect Physical Properties and IMFs
Explain Chemical Bonds
  • Explain Energy Changes with Bond Formation
  • Justify Bond Type and Polarity with Periodicity
  • Representations of Ionic Compounds
  • Explain Properties of Metals
Rates of Chemical Reactions
Evaluate Reaction Mechanisms and Rate Data
  • Analyze Concentration vs. Time
  • Analyze Energy Profiles
  • Evaluate Reaction Mechanisms
  • Catalyzed Pathways and Energy Diagrams
Thermodynamics
Represent and Model Energy
  • Connect Kinetic Energy Transfer to Heat
  • Interpret Data from Calorimetry
  • Connect Reaction Enthalpy to Bond Energies
Connect Changes in H, S, and G to K
  • Represent Entropy
  • Calculate or Estimate Change in Gibbs Free Energy
  • Explain How to Make Unfavorable Reactions Happen
  • Connect Free Energy to Equilibrium Constant
Equilibrium
Explain Equilibrium
  • Explain Equilibrium Conditions
  • Predict Shifts in Equilibrium
  • Calculate the Concentrations at Equilibrium
Relate Equilibrium Concepts to Acids and Bases
  • Explain Strong Acids and Bronsted-Lowry Theory
  • Explain Weak Acids and Bases
  • Acid/Base Titration Analysis
  • Connect Acid/Base Strength to Molecular Structure
Explain Buffer Systems
  • Explain How Buffers Work
  • Design a Buffer System
  • Predict the Protonation State Using pH and pKa

 

Year-Round Support for Teachers and Students

AP teachers and higher education faculty developed classroom-tested tools and resources to help you focus, gain insight, and increase impact on students as you prepare, teach, assess, and act on the challenge areas in AP.

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Contact us at apinsight@collegeboard.org to learn more and subscribe.

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