AP Insight: Chemistry

A Road Map to AP Success

AP educators leveraged years of teaching experience, data, and student work to identify key challenge areas – the concepts and skills most foundational to success in college and AP Chemistry. Teachers use AP Insight to create a road map in their own syllabus, target challenge areas, and help students connect building blocks to master the course. 

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Strategically Focus Instruction

AP Chemistry Overview of Challenge Areas

Big Ideas

Challenge Areas

Building Blocks

Structure of Matter
Evaluating Scientific Models for Atomic Structure
  • Evaluate Early Atomic Models
  • Explain Periodic Trends
  • Evaluate Evidence for Shell Model
Properties of Matter
Connect IMFs and Physical Properties
  • Predict Molecular Geometry and Polarity
  • Explain Trends and Properties of Nonpolar Molecules
  • Connect Dipole Forces to Physical Properties
  • Connect Physical Properties and IMFs
Explain Chemical Bonds
  • Explain Energy Changes with Bond Formation
  • Justify Bond Type and Polarity with Periodicity
  • Representations of Ionic Compounds
  • Explain Properties of Metals
Rates of Chemical Reactions
Evaluate Reaction Mechanisms and Rate Data
  • Analyze Concentration vs. Time
  • Analyze Energy Profiles
  • Evaluate Reaction Mechanisms
  • Catalyzed Pathways and Energy Diagrams
Represent and Model Energy
  • Connect Kinetic Energy Transfer to Heat
  • Interpret Data from Calorimetry
  • Connect Reaction Enthalpy to Bond Energies
Connect Changes in H, S, and G to K
  • Represent Entropy
  • Calculate or Estimate Change in Gibbs Free Energy
  • Explain How to Make Unfavorable Reactions Happen
  • Connect Free Energy to Equilibrium Constant
Explain Equilibrium
  • Explain Equilibrium Conditions
  • Predict Shifts in Equilibrium
  • Calculate the Concentrations at Equilibrium
Relate Equilibrium Concepts to Acids and Bases
  • Explain Strong Acids and Bronsted-Lowry Theory
  • Explain Weak Acids and Bases
  • Acid/Base Titration Analysis
  • Connect Acid/Base Strength to Molecular Structure
Explain Buffer Systems
  • Explain How Buffers Work
  • Design a Buffer System
  • Predict the Protonation State Using pH and pKa


Year-Round Support for Teachers and Students

AP teachers and higher education faculty developed classroom-tested tools and resources to help you focus, gain insight, and increase impact on students as you prepare, teach, assess, and act on the challenge areas in AP.


Getting Started is Easy

Access to AP Insight is available for a subscription fee based on the size of your AP program or classroom. Teachers, districts, and state departments of education all currently subscribe to AP Insight.

Contact us at apinsight@collegeboard.org to learn more and subscribe.

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